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Category: Pediatrics

Constipation in children

Constipation in children

In children and adults, abdominal pain and increased gas formation appear on the background of constipation. With persistent constipation, there is a risk of sucking back products from the intestines into the bloodstream. This is fraught with intoxication, the development of dehydration and multiple organ failure. Due to the natural hypersensitivity of the body, constipation in babies requires immediate treatment. The fact of constipation in infants The intestine of children of the first year of life is only developing. Its…

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Down disease

Down disease

Down disease is a disease caused by the chromosomal aberration of the 21st pair of chromosomes, manifested by a number of physical defects, often dementia and a sharp decrease in resistance to infectious diseases. Etiology and pathogenesis of Down disease The etiology and pathogenesis of Down disease over the years has not been clarified. It was assumed that the basis of the disease is polyglandular insufficiency, that is, a dysfunction of several endocrine glands (thyroid, pituitary, etc.), a sharp lag…

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Burns in children

Burns in children

Surgeons have alarming statistics: among the total number of people who received burns, more than 30–35% are children, and almost half of them are very small – up to three years old.  Young children are often burned with hot liquids – milk, tea, soup, water. It happens that by negligence the parents put the baby in a hot bath, without first trying the water at least to the touch. There are frequent cases of burns in infants when they try…

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ARVI and influenza among children

ARVI and influenza among children

With the onset of the cold season, the incidence of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and influenza increases every year, becoming epidemic. Children are most susceptible to these infections: they catch a cold from an average of 7 to 10 times a year against 2-3 cases of the disease in adults.  There are two main causes of such morbidity in children: first, their immune system is not yet familiar with many viruses and cannot give them a fitting rebuff right…

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Herpes

Herpes

Viral infections often occur in children. When infected with herpes, rashes can appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, inner surface of the cheeks. However, this disease can be mistaken for a sore throat. Causes It refers to viruses that can affect not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes of the throat, eyes and mouth. Its feature is the fact that the pathology is more common in children 1-14 years. Breast babies rarely get this type…

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Pediculosis

Pediculosis

Pediculosis is infestation by lice. On the human body 3 types can parasitize, which differ in habitat and structure: head, wardrobe and pubic.  A head louse lives in the scalp, mainly on the temples, the back of the head and crown. The clothes one is parasitic on the human body, mainly in the folds and seams of linen and clothing. The pubic one lives in the hairy part near the genitals, but with massive invasion and in other places, up…

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Anemia in children

Anemia in children

Care about the health of the baby from the earliest days of its life lies on the shoulders of parents. Last but not least, it is important for them to provide the child with a full-fledged diet containing all the substances and trace elements necessary for growth and development. These include iron, the lack of which can cause a health hazard.  What are the features of the occurrence and development of anemia in children? In the process of fetal development,…

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Acne

Acne

Acne (acne, acne) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands, resulting from their blockage and increased production of sebum. The sebaceous glands are only in the skin of mammals, to which we treat you. These glands produce a special secret (sebum) – a mixture of fats that prevent the skin from drying out, make it supple, protect the body from various bacteria and infections, and also participate in a complex system of skin thermoregulation. The secretion of the…

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Chickenpox

Chickenpox

Chickenpox affects mainly children from 2 to 10 years of age. It is believed that this infection does not pose a particular danger to the baby. Some mothers even specifically allow them to communicate with their sick peer, so that the baby has it as early as possible and has received lifelong immunity.  Stages Since the virus enters the body before the first signs of the disease can be a long time. If the child is infected, not earlier than…

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