Herpes

Herpes

Viral infections often occur in children. When infected with herpes, rashes can appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, inner surface of the cheeks. However, this disease can be mistaken for a sore throat. Causes It refers to viruses that can affect not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes of the throat, eyes and mouth. Its feature is the fact that the pathology is more common in children 1-14 years. Breast babies rarely get this type…

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Pediculosis

Pediculosis

Pediculosis is infestation by lice. On the human body 3 types can parasitize, which differ in habitat and structure: head, wardrobe and pubic.  A head louse lives in the scalp, mainly on the temples, the back of the head and crown. The clothes one is parasitic on the human body, mainly in the folds and seams of linen and clothing. The pubic one lives in the hairy part near the genitals, but with massive invasion and in other places, up…

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Secondary (metastatic) ovarian tumors

Secondary (metastatic) ovarian tumors

Metastatic tumors make up 5-6% of malignant ovarian ones. Most often the lasts of the genital organs, breast, gastrointestinal tract and malignant lymphomas metastasize in the ovariums.  The lesion occurs by implantation, hematogenous or lymphogenous. It is also possible with the direct transition of the oncoma to the ovarium from a neighboring organ (germination). The clinical picture of primary and ovarian cancer is similar, often together with marked amenorrhea. This is explained by the presence of luteinized cells in the…

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Heart bradycardia

Heart bradycardia

Bradycardia is a slowdown in heart rate, a decrease in heart rate to the level of 30-50 beats per minute.  The disease can be of several types: Relative bradycardia of the heart (occurs after physical exertion, with an increase in body temperature, infections, meningitis, injuries). This category includes the bradycardia of athletes. Absolute bradycardia (the heart always beats pathologically slowly, regardless of the circumstances). Extracardiac bradycardia (accompanying diseases of internal organs, myxedema, neurological diseases). Moderate bradycardia (diagnosed in patients with…

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Myopia

Myopia

Myopia is a disease in which a person poorly distinguishes objects located at a distance. With myopia, the image does not occur in a specific area of the retina, but is located in the plane in front of it.  Etiology  Currently, there is no single scientific concept of the emergence and development of myopia. The most recognized is the three-component hypothesis of the origin of myopia, according to which three links play a role in its development: 1) visual work…

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Blepharitis

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a disease of the margins of the eyelids. The most visible signs of this inflammation are redness of the edges of the lids and small whitish-yellow scales between the eyelashes. Patients complain of itchy winkers, they blink more often than usual. It should be emphasized that, despite the predominant lesion of the eyelids, this disease does not always apply to a pure ocular pathology. As a rule, the main causes are inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis, frontal…

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Anemia in children

Anemia in children

Care about the health of the baby from the earliest days of its life lies on the shoulders of parents. Last but not least, it is important for them to provide the child with a full-fledged diet containing all the substances and trace elements necessary for growth and development. These include iron, the lack of which can cause a health hazard.  What are the features of the occurrence and development of anemia in children? In the process of fetal development,…

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Gas gangrene

Gas gangrene

Despite the fact that antibiotics are readily available today, and in the operating rooms, newer means are used to ensure asepsis, it is not yet possible to get rid of gangrene. Gas gangrene is a pathological process caused by an anaerobic spore-forming clostridial infection, accompanied by progressive edema and necrosis of soft tissues, gas formation and severe intoxication of the body with bacterial toxins and tissue decomposition products. The disease is caused by obligate anaerobes (Clostridium perfringens, Cl. Oedematiens, Cl….

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Anal fissure in the anus

Anal fissure in the anus

Anal fissure exists, and millions of people suffer from it. According to statistics, the disease ranks third among proctological diseases after hemorrhoids and paraproctitis. The disease can affect people of any age and gender.  Disease description  An anal fissure is a narrow and long defect in the mucous membrane of the anus. At this point, the mucous membrane is torn apart, exposing the muscle layer. The length of the fissure of the anus is usually small no more than 2…

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Allergy to fungi

Allergy to fungi

Allergy to fungi – allergic reactions of an immediate-type allergic reaction and delayed-type hypersensitivity, which develop with fungal infections when the saprophytic fungi are in the body.  Etiology and pathogenesis  Infection occurs when in the zone of spread of fungi, through professional contact in agriculture, production of antibiotics, and during communicatioin with sick people and animals. Parasitization requires a number of favorable conditions: structural features of the skin and sweating, dysfunction of the endocrine glands, hypovitaminosis, long-term antibiotic therapy, which…

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