Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix of the cecum, which can flow with varying degrees of intensity. Currently, it is considered the most common abdominal disease requiring surgery. The disease can occur at any age, but most often in young (up to 22-25 years).
It is the inflammation of the appendix, that is, the process of the cecum. It is a small organ that has ceased to participate in digestion, but something in the body deals with moonlighting in the immune system and sometimes falls ill.
Most often it inflames in people 10-30 years old, but in general you can get sick at any age.
Why the appendix is inflamed
To say exactly why the process of the cecum can be inflamed in each specific case, it is impossible, because the reasons are different.
The most common is the lumen of the appendix. In the intestine lives a huge number of bacteria, and when its lumen is closed, begin to multiply rapidly in one place. It starts with inflammation.
Sometimes the causes of inflammation are infections, chronic diseases of the abdominal cavity, problems with blood vessels and even trauma.
How to understand that you have such problems
The disease is difficult to recognize. Its main symptom is pain, and it will not always hurt on the right. The fact is that there are not so many nerves in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes it is impossible to determine what exactly hurts: there is no point in which it concentrates.
Therefore, appendicitis usually begins with pain in general in the abdomen or around the navel. Then it can move to the right, but it is not necessary. The pain is constant and gradually intensifies. Sometimes after the intensification you can feel nothing, but this is not always good: this happens when tissues die, when there is nothing to hurt anymore.
Other symptoms, which together with pain point to appendicitis: appetite disappears, vomiting is not permanent, 1-2 times, bloating, fever, temperature up to 38 ° C.
With these symptoms, you need to see a doctor. Before the examination by a doctor, you cannot take painkillers, sorbents or any other drugs, put enemas. Because of self-treatment, the symptoms may change; it will be more difficult to determine the problem.
How to check the disease
In order not to confuse the disease with other ones, the hospital makes a blood test, urine tests, can conduct ultrasound or other examinations. But first you will be examined by a surgeon. Some of the symptoms of appendicitis appear during palpation: the doctor presses on different areas of the abdomen and on the reaction of the patient can make a diagnosis.
You cannot pressure yourself on your stomach and try to feel what’s gotten into it. Because of the strong impact, the appendix can, roughly speaking, break through. This will lead to complications.
By your own efforts, you can only conduct safe tests:
- Cough. When you cough, the pain on the right will increase.
- Lie in the embryo pose (curl up) on the right side. The pain must subside.
- Turn on your left side and stretch your legs. With this disease, the pain becomes stronger.
- Lie down on the left side, lightly press the palm on the sore spot, then abruptly release. With appendicitis, the pain will become stronger at this moment.
When to act urgently
There is a complex of symptoms, which indicates the development of complications. This is the so-called acute abdomen:
- Growing pain in the abdomen.
- Weakness, retardation, cold sweat.
- Frequent palpitations.
- The temperature is above 38 ° C.
All these are very, very dangerous symptoms. With them, the cause of the disease is already being searched in the hospital and on the operating table.
How to treat appendicitis
Acute appendicitis is treated only by surgery – this is the safest way to get rid of inflammation.
It develops rapidly, within a few hours the intestinal wall can break through. Then all the contents of the inflamed appendix will fall into the abdominal cavity, and this is peritonitis – a serious complication that threatens life.
Therefore, cutting an appendix is easier and more reliable than waiting, whether other means will help.
How to protect yourself
Unfortunately, in any way. Studies have not found a direct link between diet, lifestyle and appendicitis. Sometimes inflammation is associated with chronic diseases, constipation and even caries, but there is no convincing evidence of what exactly leads to appendicitis. Just eat right and listen to yourself.