Dysplasia

Dysplasia

Sometimes newborn babies are diagnosed with hip dysplasia and prescribed to wear stirrups. As far as it is not easy both for a child and for parents, only those who have been through know this. The baby who is restricted in movement is capricious and does not sleep well at night, and his/her parents bleed with blood. In the end, many do not stand up and begin to look for other methods of treatment. There is an opinion that it…

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Constipation in children

Constipation in children

In children and adults, abdominal pain and increased gas formation appear on the background of constipation. With persistent constipation, there is a risk of sucking back products from the intestines into the bloodstream. This is fraught with intoxication, the development of dehydration and multiple organ failure. Due to the natural hypersensitivity of the body, constipation in babies requires immediate treatment. The fact of constipation in infants The intestine of children of the first year of life is only developing. Its…

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Cosmetic and caring means

Cosmetic and caring means

Beautiful and correct make-up can emphasize the features, hiding small flaws, but improper skin care will negatively affect its condition. To maintain a healthy state, it is necessary to take care of it, not forgetting to repeat the procedures strictly every day.  Care  First of all, this is face cosmetics, which is applied regularly to the skin. Every evening before going to bed, you must wash off all make-up, especially carefully making sure that the particles of foundation, powder or…

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Phlegmon palpebrae

Phlegmon palpebrae

Phlegmon is a spilled purulent inflammation of adipose tissue. It is a collective concept. The process can be located in the fiber of the orbit, eyelid or lacrimal sac.  Upper palpebrae  It occurs in places where there is a violation of the integrity of the skin. The source of the infection is clear and can be investigated. Most often, inflammation occurs in places where for a long period of time there have been no injuries, cuts or skin punctures. The…

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Down disease

Down disease

Down disease is a disease caused by the chromosomal aberration of the 21st pair of chromosomes, manifested by a number of physical defects, often dementia and a sharp decrease in resistance to infectious diseases. Etiology and pathogenesis of Down disease The etiology and pathogenesis of Down disease over the years has not been clarified. It was assumed that the basis of the disease is polyglandular insufficiency, that is, a dysfunction of several endocrine glands (thyroid, pituitary, etc.), a sharp lag…

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Burns in children

Burns in children

Surgeons have alarming statistics: among the total number of people who received burns, more than 30–35% are children, and almost half of them are very small – up to three years old.  Young children are often burned with hot liquids – milk, tea, soup, water. It happens that by negligence the parents put the baby in a hot bath, without first trying the water at least to the touch. There are frequent cases of burns in infants when they try…

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Abscess

Abscess

 An abscess is most often caused by the penetration of microorganisms (in most cases of staphylococci, epidermal streptococcus, bacteroids) into tissues and organs as a result of injuries (including operating theaters), superficial injections with short needles of pharmaceutical solutions of increased concentration or on an oil basis, and non-compliance of asepsis rules.  Etiology and pathogenesis An abscess may occur with boils, carbuncles, lymphadenitis, hematoma suppuration. Favorable factors for the occurrence of this pathology are diabetes mellitus, obesity, vitamin deficiencies, immunodeficiency,…

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ARVI and influenza among children

ARVI and influenza among children

With the onset of the cold season, the incidence of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and influenza increases every year, becoming epidemic. Children are most susceptible to these infections: they catch a cold from an average of 7 to 10 times a year against 2-3 cases of the disease in adults.  There are two main causes of such morbidity in children: first, their immune system is not yet familiar with many viruses and cannot give them a fitting rebuff right…

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Heart injury

Heart injury

Heart injury – damage to the heart caused by the action of a physical factor. Prevalence Peacetime injuries are quite common and make up 7-14% of the total number of chest injuries. There are: open heart injury; closed heart trauma. Open injury It is a penetrating damage with a violation of the integrity of the chest and pericardium. Etiology and pathogenesis Open trauma is mainly the result of striking a piercing-cutting weapon, but can also be observed in road and…

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Abnormalities of the external genital organs

Abnormalities of the external genital organs

The clinic and the diagnosis of anomalies of the female genital organs is difficult because a number of shortcomings do not manifest themselves, and for the first time they make themselves felt only in the puberty period. Detection of anomalies of the genital organs has three peaks: at birth, during puberty, and when attempting to develop sex life. Leading, and sometimes the only symptom is menstrual dysfunction in the form of amenorrhea or polymenorrhea. These manifestations are due to the…

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